Gujarat, India’s westernmost state with a long coastline open to the sea, has links with distant lands since time immemorial. Through its long history, people from overseas and the hinterland have come to Gujarat as traders, invaders, conquerors, migrants or in search of refuge. They brought influences of their own architecture, religious beliefs and culture thereby enriching Gujarat’s heritage which, in consequence, showcases strong traces of Hindu, Jain, Buddhist, Islamic, Zoroastrian and European architecture.
During the British Raj, Gujarat was largely divided into principalities like Princely States and Jagirs, ruled by the Maratha Gaekwads, various Rajput clans, Kathi Durbars, Muslim dynasties and the Patidars. Magnificent forts, palaces, mansions and havelis were built by the ruling families in their respective principalities.